mtDNA Results - Last update 7/9/2012
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Results for:  Mr. Edward Gerald Ogle, Sr.  --  Mother: Bonnie Sarah Davis, b:1911, Texas   --  Haplogroup is J .
I was previously listed as J2 - the 2 was dropped without explanation - May have been due to an expanded test I took.


Folks I have no idea what the difference between RSRS values and rCRS values are,
but you might find the answer

Differences from RSRS Values

HVR1 differences from RSRS: C16069T, A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, C16193T, T16223C, G16230A, C16311T, T16362C, C16519T
HVR2 differences from RSRS:  C146T, C150T, C195T, A247G, C295T, 315.1C, T489C, 522.1A, 522.2C

Differences from rCRS Values

HVR1 differences from rCSR -- 16069T, 16193T, 16278T, 16362C
HVR2 differences from rCRS -- 73G, 150T, 152C, 263G, 295T, 315.1C, 489C

As an example of using mtDNA to discover your Matriarchal lineage, these surnames are all matched to me in the HVR2 region.   Wright, Conner, Trevillian Krotosky, Dunn, Lacks, Lacefield, Burns, Adams, Buhrman, Garvey, Hutchison, Lugo, Backlund, Gordy, Tart, Graham, Beattie, Sorrells, Henderson, Brown, Norman.   As is now obvious finding your 4th female ancestor will require much research, and so forth on back.


The first section for the mtDNA results is titled “mtDNA Matches.”  In this section, we list all people in our database (who have signed the release form) who have the same mtDNA as you have.  You have two “low resolution” matches, which means that these two people share a common ancestor with you sometime in the last 50 generations
[Sometime in the last 1250 years or 734 to 1984 if they are 20 years old today - Ed].  We find this by looking at just one section of your mtDNA, named HVR1.  One of the two people you match also took the mtDNAPlus test (included in the DNAPlus), which means we also tested their HVR2.  Their DNA does not match yours in the second section, therefore they do not appear as a “high resolution” match.  A high resolution match would mean that you share an ancestor sometime in the last 30 generations [So we are matched in the years 734 – 1234 - Ed].  [Only the Y-chromosome can tell where my male ancestors were at a given time - Ed].
The second section for the mtDNA results is titled “mtDNA Search.”  In this section we run an anonymous search, which means that if there are any people in our database who match to you but they did not sign the release form, you’ll be able to at least see where they come from, if they told us.  You have two people listed as low resolution matches in this section, the same two that are in your matches section.  One can trace his or her mother’s lineage back to Ireland; the other either did not know or did not tell us where his or her mother’s lineage comes from.
The final section is “mtDNA Results.”  This is where we tell you the raw data we got from the tests.  First, we list your Haplogroup and the mutational differences between your DNA and the “Cambridge Reference Sequence” or CRS.  The CRS is simply the first mtDNA results scientists ever got, and the sequence to which all others are compared.  The mutations mean nothing until you compare them with others’ (as we do for you in the matches and search sections).  We can also find out your ethnic and geographic origins by comparing your mtDNA to those obtained from other people all over the world.  Your “haplogroup” is a scientific grouping of people by their DNA.  People with the same DNA tend to come from the same places.  Your Haplogroup is J2.  Here is what we know about this Haplogroup:


mtDNA Results:  Your Haplogroup and mutations relative to the Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS) are shown below. A value of CRS indicates no mutations. High resolution (HVR2) results are shown only if you have requested the mtDNAPlus or mtDNA Refine test.
Understanding your results.

01 - Ed Ogle - Webmaster  -  Updated 7/25/2011

Haplogroup Required Mutations
J2 150T, 152C, 7476T, 15257A 
J2a 195C, 10499G, 11377A 
J2a1 7789A, 14133G, 16145A, 16231C 
J2a1a 13722G, 16261T 
J2a1a1 310.1T, 1850C 
J2a1a1a 10237C 
J2a1a1b 3447G 
J2a2 152C, 6671C, 11002G, 12570G, 15679G 
J2a2a 235G, 8386T 
J2b 5633T, 15812A, 16193T 
J2b1 10172A 
J2b1a 16278T 
J2b1a1 14569A 
J2b1a2 6216C 
J2b1a3 10966C 
J2b1b 2404C, 6962t, 10389C 
J2b1c 5899.1C, 10223T, 11914A, 15453C 

Last Update: 9/6/2010

I still don't know how to use the numbers displayed, or what they actually represent, except if they match someone, that someone is related in some way.  A perfect match should be a Mother, Sister or First Cousin.
Country  Match Total  Country Total  Percentage  Comment
England  5  8,865  0.1%  
Germany  2  9,612  < 0.1 %  
Ireland  4  7,507  0.1%  
Scotland  6  3,691  0.2%  
Sweden  1  1,757  0.1%  
United Kingdom  7  6,189  0.1%  
United States  2  2,691  0.1%  
Country  Match Total  Country Total  Percentage  Comment
England  2  4,370  < 0.1 %  
Germany  1  4,446  < 0.1 %  
Ireland  1  3,219  < 0.1 %  
Scotland  4  1,666  0.2%  
United Kingdom  6 2,339  0.3%  
United States  1  1,406  0.1%  

mtDNA Haplogroup Origins

Welcome to your mtDNA Haplogroup Origins Page! Here you will find the haplogroup assignments and countries of origin of your matches who belong to the same major haplogroup as you. The purpose of this page is to provide you with the haplogroup information of your matches listed on your mtDNA Ancestral Origins page. Current scientific research considers differences in positions 309 and 315 in the HVR2 region to be genealogically insignificant, so they are ignored in High Resolution and Full Sequence match comparisons.

Please note that some individuals have taken more extensive haplogroup tests or have tested their full sequence to provide a more specific haplogroup; in these cases we still display the origin information for those with haplogroup assignments that may be related to your own.

For information purposes, the Haplogroup Origins search also displays results that are matches from both the research database and the database of individuals who have tested with Family Tree DNA. Since those entries from the research database typically include base pairs 16001 to 16400, while our tests include the full spectrum of HVR-1 which is 16001 to 16569, both near and exact matches are listed below.

mtDNA - Haplogroup Origins
Haplogroup Country Comment Match Total
J England - 4
J Germany - 2
J Ireland - 2
J Scotland - 5
J Sweden - 1
J United-Kingdom - 5
J United States - 1
J2b1a1a England - 1
J2b1a1a Ireland - 2
J2b1a1a Scotland - 1
J2b1a1a United-Kingdom - 2
J2b1a1a United-States - 1
Haplogroup Country Comment Match Total
J England - 1
J Germany - 1
J Scotland - 3
J United-Kingdom - 4
J2b1a1a England - 1
J2b1a1a Ireland - 1
J2b1a1a Scotland - 1
J2b1a1a United-Kingdom - 2
J2b1a1a United-States - 1

 Haplogroup Description

The mitochondrial Haplogroup J contains several sub-lineages. The original Haplogroup J originated in the Near East approximately 50,000 years ago. Within Europe, sub-lineages of Haplogroup J have distinctive distributions. Haplogroup J*—the root lineage of haplogroup J—is found distributed throughout Europe, but at a relatively low frequency. Haplogroup J is generally considered one of the prominent lineages that was part of the Neolithic spread of agriculture into Europe from the Near East beginning approximately 10,000 years ago.   Haplogroup J2 is particularly interesting because it has been detected in Turkey, Italy, Sardinia, Iberia, and Iceland—all populations with traditionally prominent fishing industries. This connection suggests recent migration related to the economic opportunities offered by fishing.

Copyright 2003 Genealogy by Genetics, Ltd.
USAGE POLICY: Use of the above Haplogroup description requires written permission from Genealogy by Genetics.

(Ed's note:  Given that glaciation was still dominant in the Alps and far northern Europe for another 20,000 years after origination of the Haplogroup J, it does seem reasonable that shore hugging boats would be the best mode of travel, for what ever the reason.  Read about the Centre of the Neolithic culture of the Danubian region Belgrade, 1990:

See ).

 Cambridge Reference Sequence

The mitochondrion sequenced in 1981 became known as the Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS) and has been used as a basis for comparison with your mtDNA. In other words, any place in your mtDNA where you have a difference from the CRS, is characterized as a mutation. If your results show no mutations at all, it means that your mtDNA matches the CRS. A mutation happens a) when a base replaces another base - for example a C (Cytosine) replaces an A (Adenine), b) when a base is no longer in that position and c) when a new base is inserted between the other bases without replacing any other. Those mutations are represented below according to the following color code:

a) Mutation at position: RED       b) Mutation Deleted: Strike       c) Mutation Inserted: Green

As a way to make it possible to display all the positions that are included in your test, please note that when you see "ATTCTAATTT" under 16010, it actually means that 16001 has an A (Adenine), 16002 has a T (Thymine), 16003 has a T (Thymine), 16004 has a C (Cytosine) and so on... Therefore, if your table of mutations above would show "192A" it means that you should see the 3rd "C" under 16192 replaced by a "A".

Understanding Your Results: mtDNA Matches
An extract from FTDNA news letter

Both males and females inherit mtDNA, and only females pass on mtDNA. Your mtDNA represents your direct female line, which would be your mother, her mother, and so forth. Therefore, both males and females can take the mtDNA test, to learn about their direct female line. Your mtDNA can be traced back thousands or 10's of thousands of years to a specific Haplogroup. Your mtDNA Haplogroup defines which of these females was your very distant ancestor, popularly known as Daughter of Eve or Clan Mother.

There are two mtDNA tests available from Family Tree DNA:
mtDNA Plus

The test called mtDNA will test one region of mtDNA providing the results for this region, and identifying your Haplogroup. The mtDNA Plus test includes the mtDNA test, and also tests a second region of mtDNA. These regions of mtDNA tested are called HVR-1 and HVR-2. HVR stands for Hyper Variable Region, and is known interchangeable as Hyper Variable Segment, or HVS.

HRV1 and HVR2 known as the 'control region' are areas of mtDNA that contain no personal information (i.e. HVR-1 and 2 are not part of the 'coding region') and have the fastest rate of change, or mutation, of any region in mtDNA. That is why the Anthropological community has focused on them for population genetics.

Even though HRV1 and HVR2 provide the fastest mutation rates for mtDNA, the rate of change is much slower than the Markers tested on Y DNA.  Because of this the mtDNA test is often called an anthropology test, since mtDNA mutates very slowly. For this reason, only exact matches are provided when you click the "mtDNA Matches" selection on your Personal Pages at Family Tree DNA.  Simply put miss matches on mtDNA have no potential for genealogical value.

Since mtDNA mutates very slowly, if you are interested in finding matches to others, or using mtDNA for genealogy purposes, it is important to take the mtDNAPlus test. If you have already taken the mtDNA test (formerly known as Maternal Match), you can upgrade to the mtDNA Plus test. The addition of testing the second mtDNA region, HVR-2, will shorten the lengthy time frame of any matches. If you have taken the mtDNA test, you can easily upgrade to the DNAPlus test. On your Personal Page at Family Tree DNA, click on the link 'Order Tests'.

If you only take the mtDNA test, those who you match randomly are most likely not related in any genealogical time frame. If you are looking to find others who are related in a genealogical time frame, then it is essential to take the mtDNA Plus test.

The chart below shows the time frame of the common ancestor for a random match.

Test                Time frame of common ancestor for a match
==========    ==================================
mtDNA             50% of the time, 52 generations or less
mtDNAPlus        50% of the time, 28 generations or less

These time frames are for random matches. When you are utilizing mtDNA testing for genealogical purposes, you have identified the ancestors or potential ancestors, so the time frames shown above are not relevant.

The results for a mtDNA test tell you about your most distant female ancestor, who might be popularly known as a Clan Mother. You can take a mtDNA test to learn about your direct female line. If you are at all interested in finding genealogically relevant mtDNA matches, it is important to take the mtDNA Plus test.

For more information about mtDNA testing, see the last issue of Facts & Genes:

Read the book "The Seven Daughters of Eve" by Bryan Sykes, W.W. Norton and Company.  The author speculates convincingly that there were seven Mothers whose mtDNA made it from about 45,000 and 10,000 years ago to present. 

The mothers are as follows: Ursula, Xenia, Helena, Velda, Tara, Katrine and Jasmine.  These names were chosen because the first letter matches the mtDNA clusters that became the unique seven.  This does not mean there were only seven women with this mtDNA living even 80,000 years ago, it means that the mtDNA of these seven are all that survived to the present day.  

mtDNA - Ancestral Origins
The mtDNA - Ancestral Origins page allows you to view the ancestry information for your matches from one of our mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) tests.
Country - This is the maternal country of origin.
Match Total - This is the total number of matches for a specific country.
Country Total - This is the total number of people with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) results from the country of origin in the Family Tree DNA database.
Percentage - This is the percentage from the country of origin compared to the total number from that country in the database, i.e., the MATCH TOTAL column divided by the COUNTRY TOTAL column. Please note, a percentage will not be shown if the Country Total is less than 100.
Comment - This is additional information such as a social, religious, or ethnic group. Where more than one match from a country has provided the same comment, the number of matches is shown beside the comment. For example, someone with matches in Germany might have Baden-Württemberg (2) and Schleswig-Holstein (7).
NOTE: Family Tree DNA uses the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166 for country names.

I have decided not to put my actual data on my web - As soon as I understand this stuff I will writeup a report.

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