Genealogy of John Ogle, the Kings Soldier
folks believe this to be the correct ancestry for John Ogle, first in
-- John Ogle Soldier -- Chart showing probable common ancestor based on DNA matches for three Ogle members.
-- BIO: The OGLE Family of Somerset County, PA
-- 350 Years Ago - 8/25/14
In comparing the results from the Y-DNA 37 marker Comparison Chart:
the probability is that Mr. Vassar Eugene Ogle and Mr. Edward Gerald Ogle Sr. shared a common ancestor within the last...
I inserted dates based on the first generation
from my DOB. Notice the first 90% plus value is at 1665, that
would make John 1640 our common ancestor. Since John is the first
known Ogle in America, it's logical that John or his sons must be the
Soldier; b: c 1640; d: bef 8 Feb, 1684 in New Castle Co., Del.
|1a||Elizabeth (possibly Wollaston or Petersdotter, daughter of Peter Jochimson (Yocum)) (note 3)|
|2a||John Ogle; believed to have died without issue.|
|2b||Thomas Ogle; b: c 1666-72; d: bet 30 Jul - 18 Sep 1734 in New Castle Co., Del.|
|2b1||Mary Crawford, Daughter of James Crawford; m: bef Mar 4, 1698 (1694 Tog v24 #594). (note 2)|
|3a||John Ogle; b: c 1690-97, in New Castle Co., Del; d: 9 Apr, 1741 in Pennsylvania. (note 4)|
|3a1||Elizabeth (possibly Ball or Robeson or Robinson) (note 6)|
|4a||Thomas Ogle; b:
25 Jul, 1721 in New Castle Del.; d: btw Mar 1802-1803 in Grayson Co.
(later Carroll Co.,) VA;
|4a1||Elizabeth Robeson; m: 17 Mar 1748 in Wilmington, New Castle Co., Del. (note 5)|
|4b||Hurcules Ogle; b: 6 Apr, 1731 in Delaware or Lancaster Co., PA; d: aft 18 Jan, 1804 in Grayson Co. (later Carroll Co.,) VA (TOG V24)|
|4b1||Mary Carson; Dec 1775, per unconfirmed reports.|
|3b||Thomas Ogle, b: 1705 in New Castle Co., Del.; d: 23 Dec, 1771 in New Castle Co., Del (TOG V24) (note 7)|
|3b1||Mrs. Mary Livingston Williamson, or possibly Catherine Howard (Note 8)|
|4a||George Ogle; b: abt 1753(?) in New Castle Co., Del; d: 24 Jul, 1778 in Kent Co., Del (TOG V24)|
|4a1||Sarah Brinklee (Brinckle)|
|4b||James Ogle; b: 1754; d: 1794 (TOG V24)|
|4b1||Ann Graham, before 1776|
|3c||Joseph Ogle; Major; b: 1707 New Castle Co., Del.; d: 25 (or 29) Apr, 1756 in Frederick Co., MD;|
|3c1||Sarah Winters; (b: abt 1711); m: 4 Dec, 1729 in Wilmington, New Castle Co., Del.|
|4a||Jehu (John) Ogle;
b: 5 Aug, 1731 in Prince George's Co., MD; d: ???? reportedly in
Frederick Co., MD (TOG V24)
(Presumed to be the direct ancestor of Edward G Ogle 1940) (note 9)(note 10)
(Listed as direct ancestor by Vasser Eugene Ogle)
|4a1||Ruth Beal; 1752 in Frederick Co., MD|
|4b||Mary b:1735 m:Peter Butler Capt.|
|4d||Elernor b: 1741|
|4e||Joseph Jr.: 1743|
|4f||Benjamin b:1747 m: Rebecca Stilley dau Peter Stilley|
|4g||Thomas b: 1749|
|4h||William b: 1751 m: Mary Cresap 12 kids:|
|4i||James Ogle; b: 1 Jun, 1753 in Frederick Co., Md.; d: c 1801 in Frederick Co., Md.|
|4i1||Mary Biggs; m: 4 Dec, 1776 in Frederick CO., Md.|
|4j||William Ogle; b: 10
Apr, 1751 in Frederick Co., MD; d: 1810 in Sinking Springs, Highland Co., MD
[TOG V24 pg 87 shows Adams Co., Ohio]
Served in the Dunmore war under Michael Cresap and also with Cresap Jr. in
revolution. (Listed as direct ancestor by Richard Alan Ogle)
|4j1||Mary Cresap, 1777 in Frederick Co., MD|
|4k||George listed in will but no other info|
|3d||Benjamin Ogle, b: 20 Nov, 1715 in New Castle Co., Del.; d: May, 1779 in Hagerstown, Frederick Co., MD (TOG V24)|
|4a||Joseph Ogle; b: 17 Jun, 1737 in Owens Creek, Prince George's Co., MD; d: 24 Feb, 1821 in Ridge Prairie, St. Clar Co., IL (TOG v24)|
|4a1||Prudence Drusilla Biggs, 1763|
|3e||Edward Ogle; b: 1722 in New Castle Co., Del; d: abt 1793 in PA; (TOG V24)|
|3e1||Margaret Howard; m: 16 June, 1748 in Wilmington, New Castle Co., Del|
|4a||William Ogle; b: 4 June 1749 in New Castle Co., Del; d: 6 May, 1806 in Rye Twp., Cumberland Co., PA (TOG V24)|
|4a1||Sarah Elizabeth Weiser abt 1786|
The generation data below shows the
probability of a common ancestor based on FTDNA 37 or 67
marker test taken by Richard Ogle, Vasser Eugene Ogle and Edward G
The years are speculative but FTDNA accepts a generation to be 25 years. Based on Richards documentation Joseph Ogle born 1707 pretty much puts us on target for Joseph being the common ancestor at 80.27%. Likewise there can be little doubt that our common ancestor is within the 1609 - 1709 date. Since John the soldier is the only known Ogle to be in the Americas within that time frame. I feel very confident that John is indeed our direct line ancestor. Now we need one more US Ogle who has positive documentation to Joseph or Thomas to match us. I believe we will have a great chance of finding John's ancestry.
I include Irish and Scott simply because there was or is a number of Ogle listed in Ireland and some in Scotland by Genes Reunited. My FTDNA Haplogroup has me matching fully 1 in Ireland and 2 in UK. But, at only one step distant I am matched to 20 in England, 10 in Ireland and 9 in Scotland.
Now if we could just get an English, Irish, or Scot Ogle who has documented their line to match we will have a very good probability of linking the English family line to John.
Come on OOFA, "The chase is afoot!", lets get the word out to our members, we need at least one other US match.
4 gen 9.86% or 1909
|8 gen 48.46% or 1809||12 gen 80.27% or 1709||16 gen 94.17% or 1609||20 gen 98.55% or 1509||24 gen 99.68% or 1409|
|Note 1: Since John Ogle was
a soldier in New Castle in 1672 and was said to be 32 years old then it
stands to reason his dob must be 1640 (+ or - 1 yr)
Note 2: I have presumed my ancestry from Mordacai (proven) to John Ogle the Soldier (1640(1649?)-1684). Richard Alan Ogle, Vasser Eugene Ogle and Edward Gerald Ogle have taken the 37 markers DNA test and have a genetic distance of 4 meaning within 12 generations or 1640. Therefore, there is near certain probability that we have a common ancestor in 1a-2b Thomas Ogle (1666-1672) (son of John) or certainly a son of Thomas.
Thomas (1666-1672) had 5 sons; John, Thomas, Joseph, Benjamin, and Edward; all born in New Castle County Delaware.
John Ogle; b: c 1690/97, d: 9 Apr, 1741 in Pennsylvania. Thomas was age 24 at this birth.
Thomas Ogle, b: 1705, d: 23 Dec, 1771. Thomas was age 39 at this birth.
Joseph Ogle; Major; b: 1707, d: 25 (or 29) Apr, 1756 in Frederick Co., MD. Thomas was age 41 at this birth.
Benjamin Ogle, b: 20 Nov, 1715, d: May, 1779 in Hagerstown, Frederick Co., MD. Thomas was age 49 at this birth.
Edward Ogle; b: 1722, d: abt 1793 in Pennsylvania. Thomas was age 56 at this birth.
All three fall within the probable date period of our DNA match for 12 generations. Vasser E and Edward G list 3c1-4c Jehu (1731-(proven) as ancestor but not Richard A. Therefore, Joseph would be the common ancestor for Vasser and Edward. Meaning we must step up one generation to Thomas to find the common ancestor for we three. (1/1/2012). This is super good news for me because I have been unable to find documentation that proves Jehu's father
Note 3: I have found an entry in World Vital Records in an Ogle pedigree that states: (There is no documentation other than the entries.)
Elizabeth was born Wollaston on Oct 9, 1650 in Tettenhall, Staffordshire, England
And died 1713 in New Castle, New Castle, Delaware, [in the future] United States
Father: John Wollaston (1626 - 1685)
Mother: Mary Wollaston (born Mason) (1625 - 1696)
Spouse John OGLE (1649 - 1683)
Child Thomas Ogle (1666 - 1734)
(If these dates are correct Elizabeth would have been 16 when Thomas was born, and accepting John was born in 49 John would have been 17, - certainly possible but doubtful... While on the subject how was it that a 17 year old soldier was granted 1000 acres of land. I can not believe John was born in 1649, I hold that he was born in 1640, more than old enough to hold political position within the community and owner of 1000 acres of land.) I have yet to find emigration records for her, a ships manifest I presume. Since she and John were both born in the British Isles (England) and died in America (still England), did they know each other in the Isles. Did she migrate with her father or did she travel specifically to marry John. I have found no other records of any Wollaston in the Americas in this time period.
Data below is published by The Ogle/Ogles Family Association in "The Ogle Genealogist".
In a letter from William Penn to the Duke of York, John Ogle was called "one Ogle who came with Captain Carr" on the British expedition which captured Delaware from the Dutch in 1664. [I find the comment "one Ogle" to be curious, was there another Ogle resident in Delaware present and known to the letter writer?]
In 1672, John Ogle was called
"soldier at New Castle". He said he was "32 years old or thereabouts".
an affidavit almost certainly signed in 1680 (New York Historical
Manuscripts, Delaware Papers: English, p. 362, reads "Sworne the 27th of
Agust (sic) 1680 (?)," but Francis H. Hibbard stated that the original
document did not show the year next to the affidavit, but instead the year 1680
was on the obverse). In 1673 he was addressed as "you, John Ogle,
are an Englishman." In 1684 he was called by his widow, Elizabeth,
late husband John Ogle" in disposing of the 1000 acres of land he owned
at his death, which occurred between 8 December 1683 and 8 February
1683/4 (equates to 1684 using current calendar reckoning).
 Courious problem: The link
of the Carr family genealogy - There is NO mention of a Captain Carr or even
a British soldier, with in the same time frame as the capture of New
Amsterdam (New York) or Delaware. Their genealogy does not mention an Ogle in
this period. See also
http://home.earthlink.net/~herblst/carr_family.htm There is
mention of the British as an oppresser of religious freedom.
|Many folks believe this to be the correct ancestry for John Ogle, first in America:|
|2a||Luke Ogle of Eglingham b:1540 d: 23 Nov 1597|
|3a||Luke Ogle b:1560 Eglingham, Northumberland England d: 1582 Eglingham NH Eng|
|3a1||Isabella Craster b: 1581 Craster, Dustonburgh, England (Daughter of Edmund Craster)|
|4a||Henry Ogle of Eglingham NH Eng b: 1600 Eglingham, Northumberland, England d: Eg NH Eng 1669|
|4a1||Jane Forester b: 1601 Whitehouse, Eng|
|5a||John Ogle of Eglingham b: 1621|
|5a1||Eleanor Pringle b: 1625|
|6||John Ogle of Delaware; b: 30 Sep 1649 at Bewick upon Tweed, Northumberland, England; d: 1684 New Castle, DE|
|6+||Elizabeth Wolliston b: abt 1650-1655|
|A major problem is his age: 1664 was the date
the Brits captured Delaware (or New Amsterdam that became New York) -
and he was said to be 32 in 1672 which means he was born in 1640. This
would make him 24 during the capture of New York. He could
easily have been a titled officer at that age. His father was
certainly a land owner, it is reasonable that he would have purchased an
officers rank for John. I have great doubt that he would have
acquired such large land holdings in America in such a short time as a
BIO of the OGLE Family of Somerset County, PA
This BIO was printed in 1906
(I) John Ogle was the pioneer of the Ogle family in America. He came from England in 1666 [actually 1664 as a soldier with captain Carr] and settled in Newcastle, Delaware (then a part of Pennsylvania), where he held large grants of land under the Duke of York and afterward from the Penns. He had three sons, Thomas, John and William.
(II) Thomas Ogle, eldest son of John Ogle, the founder of the family in this country, was married to Mary Crawford, by whom he had five children, the eldest of whom was Thomas, born in Oglestown, Newcastle county, Delaware, in 1705, and he was the ancestor of Hon. Thomas M. Ogle, late of Wilmington, Delaware. By his second wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Graham, he had six children. His fourth child by his first wife was Joseph.
(III) Joseph Ogle, son of Thomas and Mary (Crawford) Ogle, married Sarah Winters, with whom he migrated to Frederickstown, Maryland, about 1746. He was commissioned a justice of the peace by his kinsman, Governor Samuel Ogle, when Frederick was organized as a county of Maryland in 1748, and by virtue of that office was a member of the first county court of Frederick county. He had seen military service, and in the court records and elsewhere in the history of those days is called Major and sometimes Colonel Joseph Ogle. He owned lands on Owen Creek, Frederick county, Maryland, aggregating about five thousand acres. He was father by his first wife, Sarah, to seven sons and three daughters. His first child was named John.
(IV) John Ogle, eldest child of Joseph and Sarah (Winters) Ogle, at the death of his father in 1756 received by his last will and testament, recorded at Frederick, Maryland, about five hundred acres of valuable land from off the old homestead. He married and had six sons. About 1785 he, with two of his sons, Joseph, the eldest, and John, the fifth son, migrated to Illinois, along with other families from Frederick and Washington counties, Maryland. Among others was Captain Joseph Ogle, who as early as 1769 was living on the Ohio river, near the present city of Wheeling. Jacob Ogle (a sergeant in Joseph Ogle's company) was killed near Fort Henry, being ambushed by the Indians, in 1877. Another brother, Captain James Ogle, was killed in 1782 in the unfortunate engagement of Colonel Crawford at Upper Sandusky, Ohio. The Ogles settled in what is now known as Monroe county, Illinois. The second son of Joseph Ogle was Charles; he lived in Elizabethtown, now Hagerstown, in 1794, and during that year severed his connection with the Mount Etna iron works, of which he was a superintendent. The same year he engaged in the general merchandise business as a member of the firm of Ogle & Hall. He was a vestryman in St. John's Protestant Episcopal church. The third son of John was Alexander.
(V) Alexander Ogle, third son of John Ogle, born about 1766, was a clerk in the grocery store of his uncle, James Ogle, which grocery store stood on the corner of a two or four acre lot, in the center of which stood his uncle's dwelling, being the same house in which major Joseph Ogle had lived--the old homestead on Owen's creek, Frederick county, Maryland. With others of the family, and friends, the Cresaps, the Wetzels, the Poes and other Frederick county people, he went westerly to Washington county, Maryland, where, after the Revolutionary war, they congregated in the neighborhood of Oldtown, from which place Alexander removed to Somerset county, Pennsylvania, about the time of the formation of the county in 1795. Here he almost immediately sprang into prominence. He was repeatedly commissioned as prothonotary, register and recorder; was a representative in the assembly and state senator and member of congress. He was commissioned by Governor Snyder in 1811 as major-general of the state militia, and also by Governor Shultz, August 3, 1828, to the same office. As the representative of Somerset county, in one of his speeches delivered in the senate of Pennsylvania he referred to his constituents as the "frosty sons of thunder," in reference to the high altitude of this mountain county, an appellation by which the people of Somerset county have ever since been known and in which they take particular pride. Alexander Ogle was a tall man of commanding presence, finely chiseled features; generally wore a red vest and ruffled shirt. He was a Democrat and a great admirer of General Andrew Jackson. He was the subject of a character sketch by Dr. William Elder, of Philadelphia, published in his book, "Periscopics."
He married Mary Williams, of Bedford county, distinguished for her beauty and Christian amiability. She was one of the "three Marys" by whose efforts the first Christian (Disciple) church was started in Somerset. Alexander and Mary Ogle had two children, Charles and Alexander.
(VI) Alexander Ogle, Jr., son of Alexander and Mary (Williams) Ogle, was brigade general of the militia and captain of the Independent Blues. He was prothonotary, register and recorder for a number of years and a member of the legislature. His brother Charles was distinguished as a lawyer and a member of congress, where he delivered his speech in 1840 on the Royal Splendor of the President's Palace, so effictive in the Harrison campaign of that year.
Alexander Ogle, Jr. married Charlotte, daughter of Jacob Schneider and wife. Jacob Schneider's brother Adam owned most of the land in Somerset borough north of Main street and conveyed to the county the lot where the court house and jail are erected, and to the borough the lot where the academy or high school stands. Alexander Ogle and wife, Charlotte, were the parents of six children: Andrew Jackson; Charles Henry, graduated at West Point, member of New York cavalry regiment and died during the Civil war; Mary, married Judge F. M. Kimmel; Charlotte, married Ross Forward; Louisa, married Hon. Edward Scull, for many years editor of the "Somerset Herald," collector of United States revenues and member of congress.
(VII) Andrew Jackson Ogle, son of Alexander and Charlote (Schneider) Ogle, born in Somerset, Pennsylvania, March 25, 1822, attended college at Cannonsburg, Pennsylvania, read law with Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, who was his brother-in-law. In 1845 he was elected prothonotary and in 1848 to congress, representing the district composed of Somerset, Fayette and Green counties. He was a Whig in politics, and in the election of 1850 the Democratic majorities of Fayette and Green counties elected his competitor, Hon. John L. Dawson, of Fayette county.
He was then appointed charge de affaires to Denmark by President Filmore, but died suddenly of apoplexy October 14, 1852, at his home in Somerset. He was six feet tall, fair complexion, light brown hair and blue eyes. He was unusual as a stump orator, popular and beloved by all who knew him. His untimely death cut short what promised to be a brilliant political career.
He married Harriet Forward, daughter of Hon. Chauncey Forward, who was a lawyer of prominence, a member of congress and a brother of Hon. Walter Forward, who was a judge in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and secretary of the treasury in the cabinet of President Tyler. The children born to Andrew Jackson and Harriet (Forward) Ogle were: Maud, married Hon. Francis J. Kooser, present president judge of Somerset county; Alexander, who graduated at West Point in 1872 and died as first lieutenant in 1901; and John G. Ogle.
(VIII) John G. Ogle, youngest son of Andrew Jackson and Harriet (Forward) Ogle, was born at Somerset, Pennsylvania, March 25, 1851. He attended the public schools, Millersville State Normal and Bethany College, West Virginia. He then read law with his brother-in-law, Hon. F. J. Kooser, was admitted to the bar in 1873 and has since continuously practiced law. At present he is associated with General W. H. Koontz as Koontz & Ogle. He has never held office, but takes an interest in politics and has several times been chairman of the Republican county committee. Mr. Ogle married, in 1875, Cora Baer, daughter of Hon. William J. Baer, who was president judge of the counties of Somerset and Bedford from 1881 to 1891. Mr. and Mrs. Ogle have two children, Hallie and Elizabeth.
Credits: History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania.; History of Bedford County by E. Howard Blackburn; History of Somerset County by William H. Welfley; v.3, Published by the Lewis Publishing Company, New York/Chicago 1906, pgs. 10-13
|These three are listed on the English
John Ogell born 1644 from Berwick Upon Tweed United Kingdom
John Ogle born 1645 from Durham United Kingdom
John Ogle born 1649 Eglingham United Kingdom
350 Years Ago, New Amsterdam Became New York. Don't Expect a Party.
By SAM ROBERTS AUG. 25, 2014
On Aug. 26, 1664, 350 years ago Tuesday, a flotilla of four British frigates led by the Guinea, which was manned by 150 sailors and conveying 300 redcoats, anchored ominously in Gravesend Bay off Brooklyn, between Coney Island and the Narrows.
Over the next 13 days, the soldiers would disembark and muster at a ferry landing located roughly where the River Caf is moored today, and two of the warships would sail to the Battery and train their cannon on Fort Amsterdam on the southern tip of Manhattan.
Finally, on Sept. 8, the largely defenseless settlement tolerated a swift and bloodless regime change: New Amsterdam was immediately renamed New York. It would evolve into a jewel of the British Empire, endowed with a collective legacy "its roots indelibly Dutch" that distinguished it from every other American colony.
Do not take it personally, though, if you have not been invited to the 350th birthday party. None is scheduled in the city. Neither the British nor the Dutch are planning any official commemoration. Nor is Mayor Bill de Blasio.
Paul O'Dwyer, the Irish-born and Anglophobic president of the New York City Council, was behind having the "1664" expunged from the city's seal and flag and replaced with 1625, to coincide with the arrival of the Dutch. Credit William E. Sauro/The New York Times
The reasons behind New Yorkers' nearly unanimous indifference are, well, historical, chief among them an ambivalence toward the British and a dispassion for the past.
Until around the time of World War I, Evacuation Day, which marked the belated departure of English troops from New York after the American Revolution (on Nov. 25, 1783), was celebrated with considerable brio, especially when compared with the periodic commemorations of 1664 anniversaries.
In 1974, Paul O'Dwyer, the Irish-born and Anglophobic president of the New York City Council, seized upon the 700th anniversary of the founding of Amsterdam in the Netherlands to actually expunge "1664" from the city's official seal and flag and replace it with 1625, to coincide with the arrival of the Dutch.
Alluding to the current lack of any hullabaloo, Michael Miscione, the Manhattan borough historian, said, "This year, Paul O'Dwyer is smiling in his grave."
Mike Wallace, a City University historian and a co-author of "Gotham: A History of New York to 1898", said the British might have their own reasons not to observe the milestone.
"I doubt the English see this as something to carry on about, particularly at a moment of the Scotch independence drive", he said. "I'm trying to imagine what it would look like: a re-enactment of British ships threatening to bombard the Wall Street area" But nothing actually happened, not a shot fired, except for Peter Stuyvesant's temper tantrum. Not sparky stuff.
"Lowering a Dutch flag somewhere and raising a British one instead Doesn't set the pulse a-pounding".
Nor, apparently, did the anniversary inspire much celebration in the past.
In 1914, New York City chose not to commemorate its 250th birthday, instead honoring the 300th anniversary of the chartering of the New Netherlands Company. In 1964, fewer than 300 people showed up at Bowling Green for a party put on by the Mayor's Committee for the 300th Anniversary of the Founding of the City of New York. The mayor, Robert F. Wagner Jr., was not among them; however, a George Washington look-alike was.
Continue reading the main story
This year, the typically undemonstrative British have no plans to honor the occasion, perhaps mindful that in 1673 they proved no better at defending Manhattan when the Dutch attacked and that a little over a century later they were kicked out of the country altogether.
The events that led to the Dutch surrender essentially began on March 22, 1664, when King Charles II gifted the territory between the Delaware and Connecticut Rivers, in return for four beaver pelts a year, to his younger brother James, Duke of York, a rival of the Dutch West India Company in the slave trade. (Then, without telling James, the king gave away what would become New Jersey to two confederates.)
By July, New Amsterdam's 1,500 inhabitants had been roiled by fears of a surprise, unprovoked invasion. Seeking to inherit an intact town, a 23-point Articles of Capitulation drawn up by a British colonel, Richard Nicolls, offered the Dutch guarantees of religious and other freedoms, provisions that would preserve their customs and contracts, and a pledge that "all public Houses shall continue for the uses, which now they are for", referring to bars.
Stuyvesant, New Amsterdam's director-general, shredded the offer. The city fathers pieced it back together and, along with Stuyvesant's teenage son, importuned him to accept the terms begrudgingly. The Dutch believed the transfer was only temporary, though. They recaptured the city in 1673, but relinquished it after about a year more or less in exchange for sugar-rich Suriname.
Steven H. Jaffe wrote in "New York at War": "Outgunned, weary of the West India Company's indifference to their fate, valuing their lives and property above loyalty to a distant homeland, and already acquainted with English ways through contact with their neighbors, New Amsterdam's people would make an easy choice."
Dennis J. Maika, a scholar at the New Netherland Institute in Albany, said the move was fortunate. "Members of Manhattan's merchant community turned a potential disaster into a guarantee of commercial and political security", he said", and may have ensured a brighter future than what they might have envisioned under Dutch West India Company jurisdiction".
The Dutch soldiers departed for Holland on the Gideon, a ship that had just delivered 290 more hungry slaves for the beleaguered settlement to feed.
While Colonel Nicolls was popular for his pragmatic peace terms (an avenue barely five blocks long was later named for him in Cypress Hills, Brooklyn), Washington Irving wrote in his satirical history of New York that the Dutch so disliked the British nation "that in a private meeting of the leading citizens it was unanimously determined never to ask any of their conquerors to dinner."
The impact of the transfer of power after four decades of Dutch rule is still debated.
"The names, the court system and the language changed, but the tolerance, aspirational spirit, geography and diversity remained the same", said Kenneth T. Jackson, a Columbia University historian and the editor of "The Encyclopedia of New York City."
Continue reading the main story Continue reading the main story
Continue reading the main story
Professor Wallace described the shift as "hugely significant", because "it moved New Amsterdam out of the declining Dutch empire, in which it was a decided backwater, into the rising British Empire, in which it became a very important provincial port."
Russell Shorto, the author of "The Island at the Center of the World," agreed.
"The Dutch brought their pragmatic tolerance and their aggressive free-trading sensibility", Mr. Shorto said. "Those two forces got fused into the bedrock of Manhattan Island. When the English took over, they saw that the island was functioning like no other place in North America. So they kept things more or less intact."
"By the time of the great waves of immigration in the 19th century, newcomers arriving in Manhattan saw a teeming mix of people all getting ahead by what we would call upward mobility", he added. "They decided it was America. It wasn't America: It was New York. And it was New York because it had been New Amsterdam. But as they slowly migrated farther west, all the way to the Pacific, they brought some of that sensibility with them. And so they made it part of America."
Credit: Sam Robers for New York Times