OGLES of IRELAND
However, a large amount of bits and pieces of solid documentation does exist to identify hundreds of Ogles who lived and died in Ireland between 1600 and 1900. At times sufficient evidence does exist to piece together several generations in one locality with a great deal of certainty. Also, large amounts of “circumstantial” evidence exists which when looked at cumulatively allows a reasonable person to suggest a probable genealogy which most likely linked an Ogle family line through the centuries of turbulent Irish history. Yet such genealogies should not be considered as proven beyond any doubt. To the contrary they likely will contain some inconsistencies that further research will be able to correct or refine over time. This paper will highlight some of those Ogles.
In that light the
following information is presented to provide an Ogle genealogist some food for
thought, and also will at times offer a reasonable suggestion for the most
probable linkage of some Ogle family groups in Ireland. Over the centuries
Irish historical events influenced the path our Ogle ancestors had to travel,
but often several of our Ogle ancestors actually influenced the direction the
path that Irish history would take.
Part One: The Early Years 1600 to 1640
The documented history of the Ogles of Ireland begins with the reign of King James I of England in 1603. During that period of time England was beginning to extend its influence and economic power by trying to colonize many areas of the world. In America this time period is exemplified by the Virginia Company of London planning and establishing the new colonial settlement of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.
However, England’s attempt to extend their control to Ireland was not going so well. The native Irish Gaelic people were resisting being colonized. The final strongest resistance was in the northern province of Ulster, and led by Hugh O’Neil during the Nine Years War (1593-1603). Eventually military resistance was completely subdued and resulted in the “Flight of the Irish Earls” in 1607.
King James I took advantage of this power vacuum and implemented his plan to concentrate on colonizing the northern part of Ireland called the “Plantation of Ulster”. The lands of the Irish earls were confiscated and granted to English and Scottish settlers or “planters”. They were instructed to build fortified manors and self-sufficient settlements, as well as be capable of raising armed militia as needed.
It is notable that Lt. Colonel Sir John Ogle, b. 1569 Pinchbeck, Lincolnshire, England, son of Thomas Ogle, b. 1526, was an early and enthusiastic investor in the Virginia Company of London which was involved in the plan to colonize America and Ireland. Sir John Ogle was a distinguished military leader who was knighted in 1603. He became part of King James I’s inner circle advising him on important military affairs. In appreciation of Sir John Ogle’s service, King James I gave him a grant of arms. He was present at King James I’s funeral in 1625.
By 1634 he was commissioned as an officer in the English army serving in Ireland. He was buried in the chapel of Westminster Abbey in 1640.
In 1608 his first cousin, Clinton Ogle, b. 1580 Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire, England, likely became the first documented Ogle who actually lived in Ireland.
Another notable investor in the Virginia Company of London was the Smyth or (Smith) family. They were one of the wealthiest families of London. They became large land owners in both the early American colonies as well as Northern Ireland. By 1635 Thomas and Alice Smith are recorded as holding land in numerous townlands in Ireland. They had two daughters living with them in London.
In 1666 a Christopher Ogle married one of Smith’s daughters. The ceremony took place at Westminster Abbey in the Church of St. Margarets. Through this marriage Christopher Ogle became a large land owner in places like Newry and Lurgan, Northern Ireland. He appears to be an absentee landlord who remained living in London and only travelled to Ireland on the occasions of collecting rents. It is not known how he relates to his Ogle ancestry, but he likely had good pedigree to marry into the Smith family at Westminster Abbey. Yet he was not the first and was not the last Ogle to “marry well” which increased his fortunes.
So let’s talk about some Ogles who actually lived and died in Ireland. In 1608 as part of the Plantation of Ulster Captain William Cole was assigned the major responsibility to repair and add to the large castle at Enniskillen, County Fermanagh. Also, he was to establish a new community there which was planned to become the county seat of Fermanagh. He accomplished that task quite well with the assistance of several key helpers. Clinton Ogle b. 1580 was one of Captain Cole’s helpers. He was a former Lieutenant of militia from Lincolnshire, England.
In 1612 upon completion of the Enniskillen Castle fortifications Capt. William Cole made the castle his family home. He then ordered the construction of a country fortified house named Portora a few miles down the River Erne at a strategic river crossing. Capt. Cole wanted to protect this crossing, but also wished to occasionally use this location as a country retreat for his family. Clinton Ogle was involved with the Portora Castle construction. After its completion in 1613 Capt. Cole made a rare granting of lands to a couple of his support people. Clinton Ogle was granted about 60 acres adjacent to this Portora Castle location.
We do not know for sure who Clinton Ogle’s descendants are, but it is likely that his ancestral chart is found in Sir Henry Ogle’s classic book “Ogle and Bothal” published in 1902. You find his name on the chart associated with page 236 showing the pedigree of the Ogles of Pinchbeck and Lincolnshire. Sir Henry’s last note on Clinton Ogle is merely that he was alive in 1606, but then lost track of him when he likely moved to Ireland. Clinton is likely closely related to Sir John Ogle.
Similar plantation activity was being completed across the Ulster area during the very early 1600’s. Most grantees of large tracks of land were busy building fortified manor houses which could protect their community members in times of danger.
John and William Brownlow were such grantees of 2500 acres of land which had belonged to Hugh O’Neil. By 1609 they were building a community near the southern shore of Lough Neagh which is the largest inland lake in Ireland. By 1635 they had completed their fortified manor and had established a community of over 100 people.
A John Ogle is listed as one of the Brownlow’s tenants in 1635. It is not clear who John Ogle’s father was, but it is said the Brownlows brought with them several of their English friends and business associates from back in the Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, and Lancashire areas. John Waring came with the Brownlows but settled on the north shore of Lough Neagh by 1612. His son William Waring would later establish Waringstown just a few miles away.
In the 1620’s a survey was conducted in this part of Ulster, and it was noted that the town of Brownlowderry (later Lurgan) had the appearance of a small English town, as well as the surrounding countryside. All the inhabitants were noted to be English with no native Irish.
By 1640 the Plantation
of Ulster was already 30 years into development, and most new communities and
fortified manors had been completed. On the surface life seemed generally good
for the new settlers, but under the surface trouble was brewing among the native
Part Two: Turbulent Times 1641 to 1651
By 1641 resentment among the native Irish over losing their land and culture had reached a boiling point. A large violent uprising began in the western area of Ulster by the late fall of 1641. The following events were recorded as part of sworn depositions during an inquisition in 1642 by British authorities.
Capt. Cole of Enniskillen was tipped off about the uprising and was able to gather most of his people into the protection of the smaller Portora Castle and the larger Enniskillen Castle. They were able to generally withstand and survive an attack by the “rebels”, but there was a large loss of lives.
On the other side of Lake Erne, Caldwell Castle was overrun and destroyed. As the rebel group of perhaps 2500 men moved farther south along the western shore of Lake Erne they came upon Tully Castle. On Christmas Eve 16 men and 69 women and children had taken refuge inside this small castle. The surrounding rebel group convinced them of safe passage back to England if they surrendered peacefully. But once the doors were opened, all the people inside were stripped naked and held in the basement of the castle until Christmas morning when the castle was set on fire, and all the men, women, and children perished.
Eventually the uprising moved a little south of Enniskillen to a town named Belturbet. According to sworn testimony from several eye witnesses in the 1642 Depositions the rebels chose two men to be hung to death. They were a John Ogle and a James Carr. Then their wives and children were forced to join 34 other townspeople who were stripped naked, led onto a bridge, and forced to jump into the freezing cold river water. All of them perished from exposure or were shot along the river banks if they tried to escape. Witnesses who had been left for dead described John Ogle as a Protestant gentleman (Englishman) who ran the local Inn and was also a tanner. We do not know his ancestry. The Ogle and Carr families interacted with each other in Northumberland during this time period.
Then the uprising spread over the Ulster countryside to Armagh and towards Lurgan. Here an incident happened that is well recorded and was later used as propaganda material back in England to gather support to put down this uprising. A group of townspeople had taken refuge inside their local Protestant church, but were convinced by rebels of safe passage back to England if they gave up peacefully. After they surrendered, their church was burned down, and the people were marched towards Lurgan. Just a few miles outside of Lurgan they came to a bridge over the icy cold water of the River Bann near Portadown. There they were all stripped naked and forced into the water where they perished.
William Brownlow had heard the rebels were approaching Lurgan and had gathered his townspeople inside his brawn and castle manor. But he was unaware of the massacre that had happened at the Bann Bridge. The rebels outnumbered the townspeople inside the Brownlow castle. They too were convinced of safe passage, if they surrendered. However, once the gate was opened and all their weapons laid down the rebels proceeded to massacre most all of the villagers, destroyed the castle, and burned down the village of Lurgan.
The Brownlow family, however, were taken as prisoners to Armagh until one year later when they were released by the English military. Of more genealogical interest is that the rebels took two hostages to ride with them for safe passage towards Belfast. Their names were Henry Ogle and his wife Jane Ogle. At the 1641 Depositions several people who had been left for dead testified they clearly recognized Henry and Jane Ogle riding with the rebels but did not know the names of the rebels, or why the Ogles were riding with them. Eventually both Henry and Jane Ogle were summoned to give their sworn deposition to explain the situation. They claimed to have been taken hostage for safe passage of the rebels towards Belfast. Along the way near Lisburn there was confusion in the battlefield as English forces were beginning to confront the rebels near Lisburn just a few miles outside of Belfast. A rebel leader who was heading away from Lisburn came upon their group, and he wanted to kill Henry and Jane Ogle. He drew his pistol and aimed it at Henry Ogle, but it misfired. He then drew his sword to kill Henry Ogle, but the rebel leader of the group riding with Henry intervened and convinced the other rebel to spare the life of Henry and Jane Ogle for the rebels’ own protection. Soon afterward both were released to the English forces before the rebels retreated away from Lisburn.
The original 1641 Depositions still exist, and all 19,000 pages are kept at Trinity College Library in Dublin. They are available on line for viewing in original handwritten form or in English transcripts.
It is not known from whom this Henry and Jane Ogle are descended from, or why they found themselves caught up in this 1641 massacre at Lurgan. But I think it can be considered that they possibly were THE well-known Henry and Jane Ogle who lived at Eglingham Manor, Northumberland, England. In 1641 they would have been about 41 years old, and most of their children were adults. Henry was a Captain in the army and was involved in sequestering land for the English Parliament. Henry and Jane Ogle may have been visiting relation in the general area, as well as officially assessing the progress of the “Plantation of Ulster”. Later Henry Ogle was appointed by the Queen of England to be the Commissioner of Revenue to Ireland. Additionally this Henry and Jane Ogle were easily recognized by a variety of people in different locations. The rebels chose them out of all the others as having enough value as hostages to assure them safe passage all the way to Belfast. It was highly unusual for a woman, Jane Ogle, to have played a role in the incident, and she was about the only woman called upon to give a deposition in 1642.
If this was THE Henry and Jane Ogle the rebels made a grave mistake in releasing them, because Henry Ogle of Eglingham was a friend and supporter of Oliver Cromwell. A few years later Oliver Cromwell’s army retook control of Ireland using tactics that sent a message to the native Irish to never again challenge the English government. Cromwell’s army used a scorched earth policy and were accused of killing thousands of innocent civilians along the way. It does seem clear there were atrocities committed by both sides that were despicable.
In any event by May 1650 Oliver Cromwell had returned to London leaving his army to finish putting down the rebellion in Ireland. He now had more problems in Scotland with rebellions brewing there. Cromwell needed to raise another army to suppress the rebellion in Scotland. He traveled to the English military stronghold of Berwick upon Tweed located along England’s eastern coast and the border with Scotland in Northumberland. Along the way he stopped to visit Captain Henry Ogle b. 1600 and Jane Ogle at Eglingham Manor, and stayed overnight as their guest. In 1644 Captain Henry Ogle had served as Sheriff of Northumberland, and he currently had a son, Captain John Ogle b.11/25/1621 who was likely stationed at Berwick Castle along the Scottish border. This meeting is recorded in local ballads and poems. Legend says it was a windy rainy night, and Oliver and Henry sat in front of his large fireplace and discussed the situation at hand. It is said the next morning the two of them had a sword duel before Oliver Cromwell got on his horse and left for Berwick upon Tweed.
By July 1650 Cromwell’s new army invaded Scotland from Berwick upon Tweed. It appears Henry’s son Captain John Ogle was one of the officers involved in that expedition being placed in charge of the horsemen troops. By 1651 Cromwell had essentially defeated the Scottish rebellion, and in Northern Ireland it was considered “safe” to once again return to settle and establish villages and farms.
However, thousands of
the original English planters or settlers had been killed, and many of the
survivors had left Ireland and returned to the true safety of England. A few
decided to stay in Ireland and start over, and others from England and Scotland
decided to become adventurous and become settlers in Ireland, mostly in the
Ulster area. This time some new settlers brought their wives along with them
and start a new family life in Ireland.
Part Three: New Settlements Begin Again Post 1652
William Brownlow and his family, having been rescued by British forces earlier, returned to Lurgan to rebuild his settlement. Around 1652 they were joined by William Waring and two new planters named John Ogle and Thomas Ogle. The old village had been destroyed, and a new community including a new church needed to be rebuilt, and that task was completed quickly since the basic infrastructure like streets, etc. was still in place. The Lurgan Church of Ireland, Shankill Parish congregation was named the Church of Christ the Redeemer. In 1656 and 1657 two children were recorded baptized there, another John Ogle and a William Ogle. But the church records are often not clearly legible or do not say who the parents were of these two Ogle children. Since only about 100 people were living there at the time it seems reasonable to say it is probable they belonged to the John and Thomas Ogle who settled there around 1652.
In 1667 John and Thomas Ogle leased 60 acres with a house from the Brownlows on the peninsula of Annaloist. This is the area of Lurgan that juts out into Lough Neagh, and where the Brownlow family lived while they were building their new huge mansion a couple miles inland from the Lurgan shoreline. A prime property.
During the next 20 years Lurgan developed into a major producer of flax and linen. It gained a global reputation for fine linen products, and the community had grown and prospered significantly. Everyone was involved in linen and flax production.
By 1670 William Waring decided to buy large tracks of land just a few miles away from Lurgan and develop his own linen producing community named Waringstown. By 1681 Waringstown had become the new home of many skilled Huguenots from France, and some native Irish people, as well as some English settlers. This growing mixed community needed a bigger church so William Waring built a new larger church in 1681. It was called Holy Trinity Church of Ireland, Donaghcloney Parish. The church building still exists, and it is beautiful.
In 1688 William Waring’s son learned new superior linen manufacturing techniques from Holland and Belgium. Soon Waringstown became globally recognized as producing the highest quality linen products and began to make clothing for the Royal English family.
Around 1700 John Ogle and a George Ogle sold their lands in Lurgan and moved to Waringstown. In the mid 1700’s both Waringstown and Lurgan had become relatively large prosperous linen weaving communities with a spinning wheel in every house, and almost everyone involved in the production of fine linens.
Between 1650 and 1750 there were about 100 Ogle individuals who lived in this area. They were active at both churches, and about a dozen Ogles were actually church wardens in Lurgan and Waringstown during that time period.
Around 1740 Thomas Waring temporarily moved to the area near the port of Newry. He wanted to build a large pier on the point to allow for larger ships to dock and increase the movement of larger quantities of linen and other products in and out of Ireland and to and from the whole world. This place was first named Warings Point, but later became Warrenspoint.
Around 1756 William Ogle, b. 1724 Waringstown married Jane Gordon, the daughter of a wealthy merchant of Newry, and he moved to Newry. He saw the possibility of building a large canal with ship locks for shipping directly into Newry port which was quite a distance up a shallow inlet, and limited by alternating sea tides. He accomplished that task by 1767, and Newry became a major international port. William Ogle also developed the idea of bartering shipments of goods worldwide, exchanging linen products for many foreign goods.
By 1770 the Ogle, Gordon, Waring, and Brownlow families have successfully developed a worldwide trading and shipping business and have become wealthy merchants. Their leadership and personal investment in Lurgan, Waringstown, and Newry had also allowed the citizenry to prosper along with them.
William Ogle was the Superintendent of the Canals of Newry and wrote a report in 1787 for Parliament explaining its construction and operation. America’s first President George Washington had an interest in building a canal for the Delaware River, and his Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson, obtained a copy of William Ogle’s report for President Washington to review. However, it was deemed not practical for the Delaware River, and so was never acted upon in America.
By 1712, one such group were the Ogles living in Drogheda, along the eastern Irish coast. Residing in that town were the families of John, Henry, Thomas, and George Ogle. During the next four generations this family group produced several mayors, alderman, and members of Parliament representing the citizens of Drogheda. This group seems to stay contained in that same general area for many generations. Yet, a John Ogle b.1805, Drogheda moved to Rockford, Illinois near the modern day Ogle County. It is not proven from whom this Drogheda Ogle group descended from, but they played a prominent role in Irish history for over 100 years.
By 1700 another group of Ogles moved into the Irish capital of Dublin. Samuel Ogle b. 1658, son of the Rev. Luke Ogle of Berwick, Northumberland, England became Commissioner to BOTH Ireland and the American Colony of Maryland. His wife owned a lot of land around Dublin, and they moved there to live. One of his sons, Samuel Ogle Jr. became the Governor of Colonial Maryland in 1732. Governor Samuel Ogle travelled between Maryland and England, but permanently returned to America in 1747 after building the Belair Mansion in modern day Bowie, Maryland, and brought thoroughbred horse racing along with him to America.
Samuel Ogle had a second son George b. 1704 who in turn had a son George Ogle, b. 1742 in Dublin. This George Ogle eventually served the Dublin citizens in Parliament for many years. He was also called out of retirement to lead the local Dublin forces in putting down the large rebellion of 1798 in Ireland. By that time the Ogle family groups were beginning to be split by those who supported the ideals of the United Irishmen and those who opposed that group. The United Irishmen stood for reforms that would give the native Catholic population basically equal rights with the Protestant English settlers. It was made up of both sympathetic Protestants and native Catholics.
A memorial and life size statue of the Right Honorable George Ogle is placed near the front of Ireland’s National Cathedral of St Patrick’s in Dublin, Ireland. The wording on the memorial is about as honorable and complimentary as one could be. A picture and copy of the wording of the memorial is following.
Going back a few years, in 1665 a James Ogle purchased large land holdings in and around Armagh. It is not clear who his father was, but several generations descended from this James Ogle including Thomas Ogle who became Mayor of Armagh many times between 1749 and 1765. In 1751 he devised a plan to create a new traffic pattern around St. Patrick’s Cathedral in the center of the city. To accomplish this Thomas Ogle donated a considerable amount of his own home property to allow the construction of the new streets. This improved traffic pattern greatly added to the life of Armagh. In 1759 the Mayor at the time named the two streets Thomas St. and Ogle St. They still exist, and the Thomas Ogle name is engraved directly into the pedestrian sidewalks that line those streets. The St. Patrick’s Day parade route follows those streets. St Patrick’s hometown was Armagh in 445 AD. After Catholics were given more freedoms Thomas Ogle, a Protestant, donated more of his land to the Catholic Church to allow them to build a beautiful chapel next to their outstanding Cathedral.
Many English Ogles are remembered in history for their war time heroics and Knighthood, but Thomas Ogle will be remembered for his constructive thinking and generous contributions to improve the lives of the citizens of Armagh, Ireland. Thomas Ogle left his mark on the historic City of Armagh which literally remains permanently etched into the current fabric of today’s modern town.
So by the mid to late
1700’s, many Ogle family groups are living in Ireland primarily along Ireland’s
east coast in the areas of Dublin, Drogheda, Newry, and Belfast. Some Ogles
still remain living in the central northern areas of Armagh, Lurgan, and
Waringstown, but very few have ventured into the western regions of Ireland.
Those areas are still relatively underdeveloped and rural during this time
period. But in 1769, brothers William and John Ogle of Newry invest in large
land holdings in the western area of County Fermanagh near Enniskillen and
Pettigo. Eventually some Ogles from this family branch will immigrate to
America, Canada, and Australia during the late 1700’s to early 1800’s.
Part Four: Who Might These Ogles of Ireland Be?
So who were these Ogle families, how were they related to each other, and where did they come from? It has not yet been positively proven or documented, but Sir Henry Ogle, author of “Ogle and Bothal” had a pretty good idea, yet he did not have enough information to connect all the dots back in 1902. But recent new information has helped us to get closer to unravelling the mystery of the Ogles of Ireland.
In “Ogle and Bothal” pages 275 and 276 Sir Henry Ogle lists a number of Ogles who lived in Ireland and the pieces of information he had learned about them, but he was unable to conclude their relationships or their ancestors from England. The Ogles of Lurgan, Waringstown, and Newry are specifically mentioned in his last paragraph of Sir Henry’s Ogles of Ireland section. He mentions a lineage of four John Ogles who have registered wills, and two of them used the seal of the Ogle family of Eglingham. Sir Henry Ogle speaks as if he had actually seen these wills himself in person. He inserts the comment that some of this Ogle line left for America, but he just could not put all the pieces together. Yet he thinks the Ogles of Lurgan, Waringstown, and Newry are all related somehow.
Since my wife is likely descended from these Ogles we have spent the last few years researching this Ogle group on the internet and with the help of records microfilmed by the Mormon Church. Then in May of 2016 we traveled to Ireland for three weeks and did some research there. We visited the Public Records Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI) and were overwhelmed by the amount of original documents kept there relating to these family groups.
It turns out three out of the four John Ogle of Waringstown wills mentioned by Sir Henry Ogle were destroyed in the 1922 records fire in Dublin. However, we got to hold in our hands the original will of John Ogle of Waringstown from 1777. Other documents reviewed by us were the Alice Ogle Indenture to Marriage document from 1714, and other genealogies written by people in the 1800’s. We looked through several boxes of original documents from the 1700’s that in some way related to this Ogle family line. A few had signatures with wax seals still present, but too damaged for us to determine the image on the seal. Most of these documents were between 200 to 300 years old. We also were able to review some church records on microfilm from the 1700’s for the churches in Lurgan, Waringstown, and Newry, but they were dark and difficult to clearly read.
In 1902 Sir Henry Ogle had the advantage of possibly holding in his hand those original John Ogle wills with the seal of Eglingham, but he was disadvantaged by not having the power of internet genealogy research and recent discoveries currently available. For example, he was aware that Luke Ogle b. about 1565 Eglingham had two sons; Henry Ogle b. 1600 Eglingham and a brother Nicholas Ogle b. 1602 Eglingham. But he was not aware of the strong possibility that Nicholas Ogle had another son named John, baptized 7/18/1622 in Berwick upon Tweed. He also was not aware of the strong possibility that (American Immigrant) John Ogle baptized 9/30/1649 in Berwick upon Tweed was the son of Captain John Ogle, b.1621 stationed at Berwick around 1649.
If only he had been aware of those two John Ogles baptized in Berwick, then his classic book “Ogle and Bothal “ likely would have contained several more interesting chapters. Both of these two John Ogles likely lived in the Berwick area at the same time, although two different generations apart. So at a minimum, I believe it is reasonable to suggest the likelihood of the following scenario.
John Ogle, bapt. 9/30/1649 was the son of Capt. John Ogle who likely was the son of Capt. Henry Ogle, b. 1600 in Eglingham, and Henry was still living there with his family in 1649. This baby John was likely the grandson of Henry Ogle of Eglingham. He likely would have been baptized by Henry’s nephew the Rev. Luke Ogle, b. 1625 Berwick who was the son of Henry’s brother Nicolaus Ogle, b. 1602 Eglingham. Rev. Luke Ogle was pastor of Holy Trinity Church 1649 to 1660. He oversaw the construction of the present church during Oliver Crowell’s Commonwealth Era.
While Henry remained living at Eglingham Manor his brother Nicolaus had moved to their land near Berwick upon Tweed with his family. Nicolaus Ogle had three sons, Luke, Thomas, and John, all baptized in Berwick. Thomas Ogle, b.1626 Berwick developed into an adventurous adult who had a desire to be merchant. In 1646 he was accepted to be indentured into the Guild of Merchant Adventurers of Newcastle, Northumberland, England. He graduated from this prestigious and privileged institution in 1649. This is the same year that his brother Rev. Luke Ogle had become pastor in Berwick and baptized the grandson of Henry Ogle of Eglingham. This is the same time period that Henry’s son had become a Captain John Ogle stationed in Berwick who the following year is involved in leading Oliver Cromwell’s horsemen into Scotland from Berwick.
But unknown to Sir Henry Ogle was that the church records in Berwick show John Ogle born to Nicolaus Ogle and baptized on 7/18/1622. As a result, this John is not mentioned in Sir Henry’s book, and we hear almost nothing about this John Ogle, especially since he likely moved to Ireland.
While Oliver Cromwell was the Protectorate of England up to his death in 1658, all went well for his supporters like the Ogle families of Eglingham and Berwick. But the situation changes dramatically when the Royalists under King Charles II returned to power in 1660. One of the King’s first acts was to dig up Oliver Cromwell’s body from Westminster Abbey, hang his corpse in chains in the public square, and cut off his head. After that public display the Restoration of the King’s power began to spread farther north out of London. When it reaches Berwick upon Tweed the Rev. Luke Ogle is required to take an oath to support the King’s new religious order. He refused to do so and became an active dissenter who is thrown into prison and later into exile in Scotland. He later returned to his home just outside of Berwick and held dissenting services inside his own house.
It appears that Henry Ogle may have been anticipating a change in power in London, and had dissipated ownership of his land to several relatives in case something happened to him, and his land might be confiscated by the new King. Also popular among young Cromwell supporters at this time was to consider keeping your own head low or even out of site by leaving England and go to another country. Failure to take precautionary measures could have realistically resulted in them losing their heads from an ax.
This may very possibly have played a role in Henry’s young grandson, John Ogle the Immigrant, catching on with a military expedition to America to capture New Amsterdam (New York). The Eglingham and Berwick Ogles certainly still had inside connections in the English military. Additionally, it was not unusual for a military group at the time to include a couple young teenage men to do the background supporting chores that were required to keep an army group functioning. This young John Ogle may have had just enough family connections to have become part of the adventurous expedition to America in 1664.
To review, by the mid to late 1650’s Ireland was being repopulated by English settlers many of whom came from Northumberland. In Lurgan along the southern shore of Lough Neagh a John and Thomas Ogle had joined the community being re-established by William Brownlow. They were involved with land deals together, and children were born there with the names John and William Ogle. Sir Henry Ogle writes about seeing the wills of four John Ogles from this area dated 1713 to 1777 which he thinks shows a genealogy linkage between them. Some of them had the seal of the Ogles of Eglingham. Where had these Ogles possibly come from?
I have searched the genealogy charts included in “Ogle and Bothal” as well as the numerous other charts found on the various internet sites. I have found only one set of John and Thomas Ogle who could meet all of the criteria of being closely related to Eglingham, being of the correct child bearing age, having the financial resources to together be players in the plantation effort, having the motive and desire to leave England for Ireland, and who fall off of Sir Henry’s chart after 1650. I suggest that John and Thomas Ogle are most likely the two sons of Nicolaus Ogle, b. 1602 Eglingham, who was the brother of Henry Ogle, b.1600 Eglingham. John and Thomas’s other brother, the Rev. Luke Ogle was committed to being a dissenting pastor back in the Berwick area along the border of England and Scotland risking his life and being persecuted for his beliefs.
There were a series of John Ogles baptized in the Lurgan and Waringstown churches during the time period that Sir Henry Ogle says the wills of a series of John Ogles from this area existed showing a linkage between them for several generations. I examined the will of John Ogle of Waringstown from 1777 which showed he bequeathed substantial donations to both Parishes from Lurgan and Waringstown. That will also claims that John’s son and heir was William Ogle who married Jane Gordon from Newry. After this William Ogle died in 1803 his son, another John Ogle, created a marble memorial to his two parents topped off with a clear representation of the Ogle shield of the old Ogle’s line from Ogle, England. This John Ogle is about six generations removed from the Nicolaus Ogle of Eglingham, but he still is well aware of the exact appearance of the English Ogle’s family shield and chooses to proudly display it on top of his father’s memorial inside of their church in Newry, Ireland.
In 1769 this William Ogle and his brother John invested in large tracks of land in the western parts of Ireland near Pettigo in Fermanagh County. The contract for that land deal still exists, and it spells out three generations which will own these properties. They are William Ogle Sr., William Ogle Jr., and James Ogle. At that time James Ogle was only 9 years old born in 1760. In 1784 the contract is extended again to include the 3 year old son of James Ogle, named William Ogle, b. 1781.
This family group intended to develop this western area of Ireland into a new flax growing and linen producing community, and develop a harbor along the western shore of Ireland to ship the linen directly from the western side to places like America. The contract included language restricting use of any trees to only be used for the homes or buildings related to flax growing or linen production, and language requiring no restrictions on the flow of water to the Pettigo mill used for grinding. The land was purchased from a wealthy merchant, “French” Tom Barton who was shipping wine from France to the small port of Ballyshannon on the western coast of Ireland. In 1796 the government tried to provide an incentive to help the flax and linen industry by giving free spinning wheels to certain people who developed acreage for flax growing. The list of people who received free spinning wheels included the three principle Ogles near Pettigo.
This new community never fully developed for several reasons. In 1776 America declared independence from England, and all trading with America from Ireland was stopped. So their prime trading partner was no longer available. By the late 1700’s technology had developed mechanical spinning devices and looms. This led to concentrating production in larger towns or cities instead of the small villages entirely devoted to linen production, like Lurgan and Waringstown.
The final problem was a major uprising in 1798 which resulted in the deaths of about 30,000 people across Ireland. Leading up to this uprising many Protestants especially in the western part of Ireland and Ulster began identifying with the native Catholic Irish population. They formed an underground group called the United Irishmen. They stood for treating native Catholics with equal rights to own land and vote, etc. Before this some Ogles in the inland Ulster areas had claimed to be Dissenting Protestants when they registered to vote which required declaring in writing that you were a Protestant. It meant their religious beliefs were along Protestant lines, but they were dissenting to the way the government discriminated against the native Catholic people.
When the rebellion broke out it appears the extended Ogle family was divided along lines of supporting or opposing the United Irishman. George Ogle of Dublin was pulled out of retirement to lead the local troops to put down the uprising. It is documented that one of those arrested as the leaders of the United Irishmen was a William Ogle. We do not know which William Ogle that was, but it showed a split in the Ogle family possibly along lines of eastern or western Ireland residences. We do not know what the allegiances were of the particular Ogle group near Pettigo, which is a border town situated on a river which divides modern Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
In any event the Ogles
living in the Pettigo area certainly were greatly affected by the Uprising of
1798. Sometime between 1798 and 1800 a James Ogle with his family, ages 5 to 18
years old, decided to leave the Pettigo area and go to America. The exact place
they lived near Enniskillen, Ireland, and the exact date they left from
Londonderry is not known. But once they arrived in America their family history
is well documented.
Part Five: What Happened to the Ogles of Ireland After 1800?
In 1800 James Ogle and his family, with no mention of the mother, are found on a special census conducted in the newest area opened for homesteading in the American Northwest Territories. They are found just north of the Ohio River in the farthest northern section of this new homesteading area which is called The Donation Area. If you agreed to carry a gun and use it if needed against any Native American Indian to protect your neighboring settlers to the south of you, then you would receive 100 acres for free, or donated to you. This Ogle family agreed to this responsibility as they are found in the farthest northern border section of this buffer zone which divided the homesteaders from the Native Americans. For centuries, Ogle families were experienced at living along border buffer zones, but life on America’s frontier was a new experience for James Ogle and his family. Initially they needed to clear the trees to plant crops and build a log cabin to live in. Eventually the brothers became adults and had their own homestead farms just south of what would become Caldwell, Ohio in the Duck Creek valley. They are mentioned in several studies of the first pioneers to settle in the Duck Creek Valley, which are on file at the local Caldwell Library. They are often referred to as the IRISH family of James Ogle and his sons William, George, and James Jr. who lived in a place named, at the time, as Ogle Hollow.
In 1812 America went to war against the British. They initially had an urgent call for American frontier volunteers to hurry north to the Great Lakes to stop the advance of British troops there. One of the very first to show up to volunteer is one of the sons of James Ogle. The Ogle family had just spent the last 12 years developing their homesteads, and the 30 year old George Ogle, b. 1782, Ireland, was not about to give it all up to the British without a fight. His volunteer troop traveled cross country to the shores of Lake Erie where they built Fort Meigs. Here they, along with the timely arrival of many Tennessee volunteers, turned back the advance of the British army which eventually leads to America maintaining ownership of the southern shores of the Great Lakes.
George Ogle, a native of Ireland, had become an American willing to risk his life fighting against the British for his new country. George’s youngest brother was James Ogle Jr, b. 1794 in Enniskillen, Ireland. When James Jr died he chose to be buried up on the hill overlooking his homestead in the Duck Creek valley in southern Ohio. He also chose to engrave the top of his gravestone with the words “Native of Ireland”. There was no Ogle family shield from England, but he wanted us to know he was of Irish ancestry. He was 8 generations removed from Nicolaus Ogle of Eglingham, England, and 7 of those generations were born in Ireland. As the centuries go by on the Ogles of Ireland, this Ogle family which had moved to the western regions of Ireland apparently began to somewhat identify with the native Irish people.
My wife descends from this family group, so for your information and my own gratification, I will just finish this up with a quick summary of their travels to modern times. Her ancestor George Ogle, b. 1782, Ireland lived on his father’s original homestead where he had a son Robert Ogle, b. 1833, Ohio. Eventually the family moved south out of Ohio into what would become West Virginia along the Ohio River. During the Civil War in 1862 Robert Ogle volunteered for the West Virginia Volunteers and fought on the side of the Union. His unit’s activity is well documented. He participated in the defeat of the Confederate Morgan Raiders at the Battle of Buffington Island on the Ohio River in 1864. Later in 1864 he was involved in the Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, a resounding Confederate victory. This battle field is preserved with a visitor center and holds a yearly re-enactment depicting the events of that day in history.
After the Civil War Robert Ogle’s family continued to live in West Virginia along the Ohio River during the Reconstruction Period, but after a few years he put his family on a riverboat and travelled down the Ohio River and then up the Mississippi River with the intent to travel as far north as they could go. His wife became sick near La Crosse, Wisconsin, and they decided to get off the riverboat at that location. They stayed there for another generation when Robert’s son, Nelson (Nels) Ogle, b. 1855 West Virginia, eventually moved inland to north central Wisconsin near Tomah. They continued to farm near Warrens in north central Wisconsin for a couple of generations, but then during World War II the next generation moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin to obtain better employment opportunities. The next generation moved to the area just outside of Milwaukee, where my wife and I reside today. Our extended family’s next generation now lives from America’s southeast corner of Florida to America’s northwest corner of the State of Washington.
Back in the Pettigo region of Ireland after James Ogle and his family left for America around 1798, several other Ogles stayed living there for generations. In May, 2016 we visited a farm house that was purchased in that Ogle 1769 land deal, and we talked to the current owner. They told us the last Ogle to live there was a bachelor named John Ogle in 1961. We traced his roots back to the same Ogle group from Lurgan. So for nearly 200 years an Ogle family member either owned or lived at that stone farm building. Other Ogles from this area immigrated to Canada and Australia in the 1800’s. We heard of several Ogles who were still currently living in the Lurgan and Pettigo area when we visited in May, 2016. A John Ogle had been a member of the Lurgan Church, but died just last year.
The exact Ogle linage of
my wife is not positively proven to genealogical standards. But a likely and
probable lineage is following. In any event, it is almost a certainty that she
somehow descends from Humphry de Ogle of 1085, Northumberland, England, and
during the early 1600’s her Ogle family group moved to live in Ireland. Then
after the Uprising of 1798 they moved to Ohio in America’s Northwest Territories
and became a pioneer family living in a log cabin on the American frontier. It
is a very long story from Humphrey de Ogle to today, covering about 1000 years
and some 30 generations. It is a very interesting journey, and in her case it
travels through Ireland for about 150 years or so. I thought it would be good
to provide some type of written record of that part of the family journey for
historical purposes and for future generations to consider if they are
interested. Too much time and effort was spent to uncover so many details of
the Irish Ogles that it is appropriate that some of those events should be
recorded for others to benefit and learn from for future discussion, correction
and refinement. Yet, I must say the work of unravelling the Ogles of Ireland
was something I really enjoyed doing, and I hope you enjoyed learning about
Ogle and Bothal-A History of the Baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the Families of Ogle and Bertram, by Sir Henry Ogle, printed 1902 Newcastle upon Tyne, Andrew Reid and Co.
Looking Back at the Ogle Family- A Comprehensive History and Genealogy of the Ogle and Ogles Families in America, by Ogle/Ogles Family Association, printed 2012 Seattle, Washington, Genealogy Printing Co.
Historical Memoirs of the History of Armagh for a Period of 1373 Years, by James Stuart, printed 1819 Newry, Alexander Wilkinson
Record of the City of Armagh From the Earliest Period to the Present, by Edwards Rodgers, Armagh Public Library, printed 1861 Armagh, The Armagh Guardian
The History of Enniskillen, by W. Copeland Trimble, printed 1919 Enniskillen, William Trimble
Irish-American Trade 1660-1783, by Thomas Truxes, printed 1988 New York, Cambridge University Press
The Belfast Newsletter printed 1738-1925, Belfast Ireland
The United Irishmen-Their lives and Times, by Richard Madden, printed 1916 New York, The Catholic Publication Society
Public Records Office of Northern Ireland, Church records of Shankill Parish, Donaghcloney Parish, and Newry Parish, as well as numerous documents from the 1700’s
Trinity College Dublin Library, Depositions of the 1641 Ulster Uprising
Museum of Newry -Information Displays, Bagenal Castle, Newry
A Pocket History of Ireland, by Joseph McCullough, printed 2010 Dublin, Ireland
Irish Cultural and Heritage Center of Wisconsin, Milwaukee location
Society of Wisconsin, Milwaukee location
Grasslandfoundation.com/A report from Berwick-upon-Tweed, England
Oglekin.org-webmaster Ed Ogle
Lurganancestry.com /Records and History of Lurgan
St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin Ireland, Monuments in St. Patrick’s Cathedral
The Ulster Historical Foundation- ancestryireland.com
UlsterHeritage.com/ All Things Ulster
The 1798 Rebellion/Liam Chambers
The Brownlow Family and the Rise of Lurgan
Church of Holy Trinity-Waringstown
Find My Past-Ireland Non-Conformists –Births and Baptisms
Infoplease.com/The London Company
Wikitree.com/ The Ogle Family
Wikipedia.org/ Various Ogle Searches
Ancestry.com/ The Ogle Family
FamilySearch.com/ The Ogle Family
Ogles.org/ The Ogle/Ogles
|Disclaimer: Except for the format of
this page all information is as provided by Jim Dix, with the understanding
that much is correctly provided, all may not be documented to the
satisfaction of professional genealogist, but may be helpful in certain
Jim and Sue Dix on tour of Ireland about 2016
The background is of the Trim castle seen in the Movie Braveheart.
Link to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trim_Castle for a very good article on the castle.